Alopecia areata or hair loss can affect anyone. The condition is usually manifested in the form of patches or boldness on the entire head or even body. Alopecia Areata Universalis is a form of the disease when the hair from all over the body is lost. Alopecia is also known by the name "spot baldness". It's autoimmune disease, when the immune system of the body mistakenly attacks hair follicles, causing its decline. Sadly, even children can be affected with hair loss. The condition can be determined by a pediatrician or a pediatric dermatologist. These causes are related to children that are 26 months old or older.
There are several reasons for hair loss in children and one of those reasons can be Trichotillomania. This condition is caused by the child's pulling, plucking, twisting, or rubbing hair. The hair loss occurs in patches and it's characterized by broken hairs of varying length. These patches are typically seen on the side of the child's dominant hand. Hair loss can also be caused by Tinea capitis, which is the term used for ringworm of the scalp. It is a fungal infection often seen in children and there are many ways that it can appear, but often as scaly patches of hair loss on the head. The patches are usually round or oval and the hairs may be broken off at the surface of the skin and look like black dots on the scalp.
A microscopic examination can confirm the diagnosis of the cause is really Tinea capitis. Children hair loss treatment usually involves an oral antifungal, used for a while and the antifungal shampoo such as selenium sulfide or ketoconazole to decrease shedding of the fungus should be used. Ringworm is contagious, so you should be careful about the objects that touch the head such as hats, pillow cases, hair clippers, or brushes.
On the other hand, Alopecia areata is not contagious, but it can be caused by different things, so it may be hard to determine how to stop it. It is thought to be caused by the body's immune system attacking the hair follicles. It is characterized by the sudden appearance of round or oval patches of hair loss. The patches are slick or smooth, without scaling or broken hairs. About 25% of children also have pitting and ridging of the nails.
A condition which may cause hair loss in infants is called cradle cap. It mainly affects infants between the ages of two to six months, causing a crusty, scaling scalp rash. Cradle cap often clears up within several months when left untreated. It can cause itching and hair loss in severe cases and may also spread to other areas of the body.
The good news is that about half of patients affected with hair loss grow back their hair in one year. Only 10% have a more serious condition, when the hair follicles do not form the hair again. There are some treatments available, prescribed according to the condition of the patient. Natural products are known as herbal hair loss treatment and one of the major advantages of these products is the zero risk for side effects. When compared to chemically formulated products, these products are safe to use.