Hair loss known by the term Alopecia Areata is a medical condition that affects many people all around the world. There are more than one types of Alopecia:
-Alopecia areata monolocularis - It causes baldness in only one spot in any part of the head.
-Alopecia areata multilocularis - It results into multiple area of hair loss.
-Alopecia areata totalis - In this case the alopecia areata causes the loss of all the hair on the scalp.
-Alopecia areata universalis - Its symptom is the loss of all body hair including public hair. The condition is called Alopecia areata barbae if it is limited only to the beard.
-Diffuse alopecia areata happens when a psychological trauma causes a person to lose all his dark hairs and leaves him/her only with mixed grey and dark hairs.
First of the Alopecia Areata types Alopecia Areata Monolocularis . It is a disorder that affects hair on the human body and it is classified as an autoimmune disease, meaning that the body’s own immune attacks itself instead of defending it.
Men are mainly affected by the pattern baldness, leading to less hair at the top of one’s head, especially in the area around the temples and the crown, but this differs from alopecia areata monolocularis, which can develop in one day. This condition may affect men and women equally no matter what age they are. The starting area can be as small as a dime or an area three to four inches in diameter. Except the loss of hair, the person may experience pain in the affected area. Alopecia Areata Monolocularis is in reference to the initial stage of the disease, with the different alopecia types varying upon their severity. The initial stage will affect the growth of hair on the person’s head, but if the spot remains small, it can probably be covered with a change in combing style.
However, the condition can sometimes spread to the rest of the body and at a later stage of the disease may affect two or more areas, whose size and proximity to each other vary among sufferers. This stage can occur from one month period to a year and eventually the hairless spots will merge to form larger areas of baldness. After some time, the sufferer may experience total baldness, as though the person’s head has been shaven. In its extreme form, the disease will result in a loss of hair over the entire body, including the eyebrows and nasal hair.
Usually, the treatment does not concentrate on the loss of hair, but rather on the underlying autoimmune disorder. Immune suppressing agents like steroids and cortisone of Minoxidil have found to be beneficial. It works best when the treatment starts during the early stages of the disease. Later on, the treatment can only prevent the condition progressing to the rest of the body. Treatment is not always successful, and in these cases will not replace the hair that has been lost. In other cases, the bald areas will return as soon as the treatment is stopped.
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